This quiz covers the structure and function of the four major macromolecules….carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
– Youtube video ‘Carbon & Macromolecules 101’
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Match the following elements with the macromolecule they make up.
What suffix (word ending) is used in the names of most carbohydrates? (only 3 letters)
Move the following items next to their correct macromolecule.
Monomer is to Polymer like ___ is to ____
Move the monomers and their functions next to the correct macromolecule.
Photosynthesis involves the production of sugar and oxygen. Select the drawing that shows a carbohydrate that is formed in photosynthesis.
Lipids are composed of a glycerol and fatty acids. Select the following image that represents a lipid.
What is the correct name of the macromolecule in the diagram below and what is its correct function?
Carbohydrates and proteins are two types of macromolecules. Which functional characteristic of proteins distinguishes them from carbohydrates?
Move the following functions next to the correct macromolecule.
This macromolecule serves many functions in organisms including speeding up chemical reactions, transporting materials in and out of the cell, making up bones and muscles. Which macromolecule functions is being described? (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids)
This macromolecule is the main information-carrying molecule of the cell. It directs the process of protein synthesis, which enables them to determine the inherited characteristics of every living thing. (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids)
This macromolecule stores energy, is used for cell signaling, and as the main structural component of cell membranes. (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids)
Select ALL of the following organic compounds that are not the main source of energy for living things. (3 choices)
This is one job proteins do NOT have in the body
Select ALL of the following that are uses of proteins in your cells and body. (3 choices)
The element is found in all organic compounds.
Select All of the following that are examples of uses of lipids. (3 choices)
Sort the following macromolecules in order from first source of energy to last source of energy.
Which macromolecule contains the most amount of energy and why?